There are many conditions out there that we need to be cautious of, especially for women, be aware of molar pregnancy. Well, it is also known as hydatidiform mole. It is a condition where tissues that are supposed to be a fetus turn into an unusual growth in a uterus instead. Even if it’s not an embryo, the growth will trigger pregnancy symptoms. This condition has to be treated immediately to make sure all tissues are disposed of. Those tissues might cause serious issues to some women. In another way, it is an abnormal condition located in the placenta, caused by sperm and egg joining at fertilization. This pregnancy condition is considered to be a gestational trophoblastic disease that develops into a bulk inside uterus that got swollen chorionic villi.
Types and Factors that Might Increase the Risks
This particular condition of pregnancy is thought to be affected by an issue regarding a sperm or egg’s genetic information. It is mainly divided into two types which are partial and complete. In addition, factors that may increase the risks of having this condition will also be described below.
1. Complete Molar Pregnancy
This type of molar pregnancy means an egg without any genetic information is being fertilized by sperm. It will not necessarily grow into a fetus, but will continue to develop into a lump of unusual tissue. The appearance will seem almost like a bundle of grapes that can clog uterus. From 1000 hydatidiform mole cases, around 150-200 exhibit trophoblastic sickness keeps developing after tissue’s disposal.
2. Partial Molar Pregnancy
Meanwhile, partial molar pregnancy is when an egg gets inseminated by two sperms. Then, the placenta turns into molar growth. Any during-pregnancy tissue that takes shape is more likely to carry severe defects. In a partial hydatidiform mole however out of 1000 cases of it, there are 50 who exhibit trophoblastic sickness.
Risks of having a complete molar pregnancy might increase steadily after the age of 35. Always take cautions and be more aware of symptoms that might show up. It is best to have yourself regularly checked and consult to an expert as well.
4. Low Carotene or Folic Acid Diet
Due to carotene carrying an amount of vitamin A, it becomes even more necessary for women to consume more of it. To those who does not have enough of vitamin A will have a bigger chance of having complete molar pregnancy.
5. Miscarriage History
For women having a history of miscarriage might mean higher risk. Those who have never had miscarriage before have a lower chance of being diagnosed with either partial or complete hydatidiform mole.
6. Molar Pregnancy History
This is especially if a woman has had two or more histories of hydatidiform mole. The risks will increase significantly compared to women who never had a hydatidiform mole history.
After learning about this disease in general, some symptoms are best to be known as well. Similar to a normal pregnancy’s symptoms, morning sickness or missed periods will also occur in hydatidiform mole. However, the other symptoms beside the ones previously stated will show signs as well. Those might include severe vomiting and nausea, a feeling of discomfort in the pelvic area, bleeding vagina, symptoms of hyperthyroidism, etc. These signs can mostly happen with a multiple pregnancy, miscarriage, or even a normal pregnancy. To have this disease diagnosed, doctors can confirm it through a blood test, pelvic ultrasound, or pelvic examination. Doctors can also discover hydatidiform mole during an early pregnancy’s regularly-done ultrasound. Trophoblastic disease carried along in hydatidiform mole might turn into cancer. Therefore, it is best to do an immediate molar pregnancy checkup if the symptoms are appearing.