It is crucial for women who are having their pregnancy to learn about spotting during pregnancy, in order to be more aware. This condition is one where a woman’s vagina bleeds during pregnancy, letting the discharge of blood from it. It is possible for it to happen during any time since conception until end of a pregnancy. Additionally, light spotting, or bleeding during pregnancy is pretty general especially in first trimesters. Light spotting is not yet an alarming cause to pregnant women. A report stated that around 20% of pregnant women experienced spotting in the midst of their pregnancy’s first 84 days. Even if it’s easy for them to feel concerned, there’s no need to panic yet. A majority of pregnant women who experience spotting commonly have a healthy baby and pregnancy.
Conditions that Cause Spotting to Occur
After learning about it in general, several causes that are worth knowing will be described below:
First trimester bleeding or spotting, more importantly if followed with cramping or abdominal pain might be early signs of miscarriage. There are about half of pregnant women having spotting during pregnancy miscarries. Although if a pregnant woman has an ultrasound showing a steady heartbeat amid 7 to 11 weeks, chances of prolonging pregnancy is above 90 percent.
Spotting during pregnancy is also possibly caused by circumstances which are not related to pregnancy. An infection transmitted sexually (like herpes, trichomoniasis, chlamydia, or gonorrhea) or vaginal infection such as bacterial vaginosis or yeast infection. Those might cause a woman’s cervix to be inflamed or irritated, thus vulnerable to spotting.
3. Implantation Bleeding
A few women have experienced spotting even before their pregnancy, around a week since they ovulate. It is named implantation bleeding since it occurs when implants (or fertilized egg) burrow into blood-rich line of a uterus. Previous process begins only six days since fertilization. If a pregnant woman has a day or more of spotting during pregnancy before due period, it is recommended to take home pregnancy test. If results came out negative, give a week or some days. Meanwhile, if period does not begin when expected, try another test.
4. Ectopic Pregnancy
Spotting during pregnancy can also be signs of ectopic pregnancy. It is a condition when an embryo implants out of a uterus, commonly inside one of fallopian tubes. In some cases, spotting is an only sign, however other general symptoms include shoulder, abdominal, or pelvic pain. This ectopic pregnancy condition might prove to be life-threatening. It will be best to let an expert know immediately in case of having pain or spotting in first trimesters.
5. Premature Labor
One of premature labor (labor which begins before 259 days) signs are spotting during pregnancy. Other premature labor signs include abdominal contractions, pain, or cramps, vaginal discharge, low backache, and pressure in pelvic area. If symptoms seem to be occurring, immediately contact a doctor specializing in this case to get a quick checkup and treatment before it gets worse.
6. Pelvic Exam or Sexual Intercourse
After a pelvic exam or sexual intercourse, some light bleeding or spotting might be noticed. Due to more blood flowing to a woman’s cervix during a pregnancy, it is not uncommon to notice bleeding after an internal exam, intercourse, or Pap smear. Another cause to bleeding or spotting after exam or sex might be cervical polyp, which is a slight growth on cervix area.
Different from a bleeding, spotting means it’s a very light bleeding. That is similar to what women might have at their very start or end of period. Color of spotting varies from red to brown to pink, and is commonly only minor spots. 1 out of 4 pregnant women experienced light bleeding earlier in their first trimesters. To ensure everything is under control, try contacting a healthcare provider even if bleeding seem to have stopped. Any bleeding or spotting happening around second or third trimesters has to be immediately reported to a doctor. It is recommended to call an obstetrician moreover if heavy bleeding can be noticed, only to make sure it’s not results of ectopic pregnancy. When experiencing spotting during pregnancy, a doctor or healthcare provider might suggest more naps, limiting physical activities, staying hydrated, etc.